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Mercury-Automotive: Complete List of Reference Documents
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Background and Overview
Collection Programs
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Handling, Recycling & Disposal
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Automobile industry and trade / Automobile-related wastes / Automobiles - Brakes / Automobiles - Equipment and supplies / Automobiles - Lighting / Automobiles - Maintenance and repair / Hazardous waste management / Health effects / Laws and legislation / Materials handling / Mercury / Metal industry and trade / Metal recycling / Recycling (Waste, etc.) / Reporting / More Keywords...

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Article/report (23) / Audio/video (2) / Case study/success story (1) / Chapter (3) / Fact sheet/checklist (11) / List (5) / Other resources (4) / Web site (3)

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- Article/report -    Top of Page

Action Plan: Comprehensive Solution to Address Mercury in Automobiles
Abstract: Report detailing why mercury should be eliminated from automobiles. The action plan consists of the following principles: 1-recovery, collection, and information, 2-design for recycling, 3-regulatory flexibility, 4-public education, and 5-government responsibility.
Source: Partnership for Mercury Free Vehicles
URL: http://www.cleancarcampaign.org/partnership.shtml

ARA Supports State Attorney General's Efforts to Have Auto Manufacturers Remove Toxic Vehicle Parts
Abstract: This article discusses how the Automotive Recyclers Association (ARA) supports an effort by 26 state Attorneys General, which places the responsibility of mercury switch removal on the vehicle manufacturers.
Source: Automotive Recyclers Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/104/ara_supports_s
tate_attngen_remove_hg.html

Automobile Shredder Residue Report
Abstract: Evaluates the impact of automobile mercury switches on the toxicty of automobile shredder residue.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
URL:

Automotive Mercury Switch Removal Programs [PDF]
Abstract: Contains background information on mercury switches in vehicles, a synopsis of mercury removal programs, pros and cons of voluntary programs, considerations for legislative action in Washington State, and final recommendations to the Local Hazardous Waste Management Program in King County.
Source: King County Local Hazardous Waste Management Program
URL: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/mercury/documents/MercurySwitchPoster0
8.pdf

Convenience Lighting and ABS Mercury Switch Removal for Ford, Chrysler, GM
Abstract: This webpage has links to a question and answer sheet concerning mercury removal, a mercury press release, a 'Getting Mercury out of Cars' brochure, and mercury switch removal and replacement instructions for Chrysler, Ford and GM automobiles.
Source: Clean Car Campaign
URL: http://elvsolutions.org/

Management of End-of-Life Vehicles in Ontario
Abstract: The use and recovery of mercury switches from vehicles in Canada is discussed briefly in this larger report on end-of-live vehicles.
Source: Recycling Council of Ontario
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/20/19906.htm

MERC Switch Out [PDF]
Abstract: Description of the Canadian MERC Switch Out Program to recover mercury from vehicles.
Source: Pollution Probe
URL: http://www.pollutionprobe.org/old_files/Reports/mercswitchou
t.pdf

Mercury Contamination from Metal Scrap Processing Facilities - A Study by Ohio EPA
Abstract: Report of project to determine the amount of mercury emitted from metal scrap processing facilities in Ohio. Some facilities were required to do stack testing.
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://epa.ohio.gov/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=UUSMdsm%2FrWs%
3D&tabid=2818

Mercury Spill Information and Cleanup Guidance [PDF]
Abstract: Detailed information on how to clean up small mercury spills.
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management
URL: http://www.in.gov/idem/recycle/files/mercury_spill_info_for_
homes.pdf

Mercury Switch Data Collection Pilot Project
Abstract: The mercury switch data collection pilot project was developed as part of the State of New Jersey's efforts to reduce the amount of mercury in the environment. The goals were to determine the effectiveness of an End-of-Life Vehicle switch removal program and estimate the costs in order to develop and implement a cost effective and reliable program.
Source: New Jersey Dept. of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.state.nj.us/dep/dsr/hg-switch/

Mercury Switch Removal From Motor Vehicles in Maine [PDF]
Abstract:
Source: Maine Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/hazardouswaste/training/ME_Hg_Switch_P
rogram.pdf

Michigan Mercury Switch Study [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to jointly conduct a cooperative project that evaluates the technical, logistical, and procedural factors associated with the removal of mercury (Hg) convenience light switches from end-of-life vehicles and subsequent management of the switches.
Source: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
URL: http://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-ess-p2-mercury-mic
higanswitchstudy_306175_7.pdf

Michigan Mercury Switch Study [PDF]
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to jointly conduct a cooperative project that evaluates the technical, logistical, and procedural factors associated with the removal of mercury (Hg) convenience light switches from end-of-life vehicles and subsequent management of the switches.
Source: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
URL: http://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-ess-p2-mercury-mic
higanswitchstudy_306175_7.pdf

Performance Standards for Mercury Switch Removal from Automobiles at End-Of-Life Final Report
Abstract: This report, organized by NERC, outlines a project set out to develop a multi-party negotiated agreement to establish a performance standard for determining if all mercury switches have been removed at the end of a vehicle's life.
Source: Northeast Recycling Council, Inc (NERC)
URL: http://www.nerc.org/documents/performance_standards_for_merc
ury_switch_removal.html

Reducing and Recycling Mercury Switch Thermostats and Vehicle Components [PDF]
Abstract: This report presents recommendations for improving efforts to reduce and recycle mercury components that are found in thermostats and motor vehicles. Illinois EPA prepared the report in response to Public Act 93-0964. In drafting the report, Illinois EPA conducted research on mercury reduction and recycling programs in other states, reviewed technical studies and consulted with officials in the private and public sectors.
Source: Illinois Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/37/36100.pdf

Reducing Mercury Releases from Maine Motor Vehicles [PDF]
Abstract: Describes Maine's plan to provide for the safe removal and management of mercury-added components, phase out some automotive applications of mercury, and require labeling to identify mercury-added components in new cars.
Source: Maine Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/104/hg_releases_fr
om_ME_vehicles.pdf

SAE Technical Paper: A Mercury-Free Cfl Backlight for Car-Navigation Display
Abstract: SAE Technical Paper for purchase, $10. Technical discussion of mercury use in cathode fluorescent lamps for backlight navigation, and description of a xenon alternative.
Source: Society of Automotive Engineers
URL: http://papers.sae.org/2002-01-0978/

SAE Technical Paper: On the Removal of Mercury From Automotive Hid Lamps: a Technical and Regulatory Perspective
Abstract: SAE Technical Paper for purchase, $10. Technical description of why mercury is used in HID lamps and the pros and cons of possible alternatives.
Source: Society of Automotive Engineers
URL: http://papers.sae.org/2002-01-0976/

Switch Out: Auto Dismantler's Guide [PDF]
Abstract: A "how-to" guide for Canadian Auto Dismantlers including location of mercury switches, removal procedures, and handling requirements.
Source: Pollution Probe
URL: http://www.pollutionprobe.org/old_files/Reports/mercswitchou
t.pdf

Switch Out: Auto Dismantler's Guide [PDF]
Abstract: A "how-to" guide for Canadian Auto Dismantlers including location of mercury switches, removal procedures, and handling requirements.
Source: Pollution Probe
URL: http://www.pollutionprobe.org/old_files/Reports/mercswitchou
t.pdf

The Rise and Fall of Mercury: Converting a Resource to Refuse After 500 Years of Mining and Pollution
Abstract: Abstract: The link of mercury (Hg) pollution to Hg mining is rarely made, although Hg primary production presently is as large as global Hg emissions from coal combustion. Here we present historical comparisons on global, continental and national scales, covering up to five centuries of Hg production and consumption. Nearly half of the historical consumption has been pre-industrial, notably for silver and gold mining by amalgamation. More than half has been mined in Europe and one quarter in the Americas. Four economic periods with different control of global Hg price and production were discerned: The Hg price rose sharply after 1830 when Spain no longer controlled the Hg market and when consumption started to shift to gold mining in North America and later on industrial uses. In the 1970's, however, the price as well as quantities consumed plunged as a result of rising health and environmental concerns. In Sweden, per-capita consumption has recently dropped below pre-industrial levels, exemplifying a successful implementation of environmental policy. The chlor-alkali industry is still the globally dominating Hg consumer, and large stocks to be decommissioned in industrialized countries need political guidance to avoid transfer of Hg and related risks to other countries, a potential transfer to small-scale miners favoured by low Hg prices. Full text available through purchase at: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tandf/best/2005/00000035/00000001/art00001
Source: Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 34:1-36
URL:

Toxics in Vehicles: Mercury [PDF]
Abstract: The report shows that emissions from vehicle recycling and disposal processes are one of the largest sources of mercury contamination to the environment. The report also examines strategies for cleaner production and proposes key policy solutions to eliminate mercury hazards from both new and existing vehicles.
Source: University of Tennessee Center of Clean Products and Clean Technology, Great Lakes United, Ecology Center
URL: http://www.cleancarcampaign.org/pdfs/toxicsinvehicles_mercur
y.pdf

Waste Management Options: For Mercury-Containing Switches In Vehicles And Major Appliances [PDF]
Abstract: Describes how to handle, transport, and dispose of mercury-containing switches in California.
Source: California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control
URL: http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/HazardousWaste/Mercury/upload/HWMP_PO
L_Guidance_Mercury_Waste-Mgmt-Options.pdf


- Audio/video -    Top of Page

Get the Mercury Out of Maine - Video
Abstract: How-to video detailing the removal of mercury switches from automobiles. Video is available for loan from NEWMOA. Submit request to inforequest@newmoa.org
Source: Maine Department of Environmental Protection
URL:

Get the Mercury Out of Maine - Video
Abstract: How-to video detailing the removal of mercury switches from automobiles. Video is available for loan from NEWMOA. Submit request to inforequest@newmoa.org
Source: Maine Department of Environmental Protection
URL:


- Case study/success story -    Top of Page

General Motors Mid-size and Luxury Car Group: Elimination of Mercury Switches in Underhood and Trunk Lamps [PDF]
Abstract:
Source: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02534.pdf


- Chapter -    Top of Page

Land Disposal Restrictions
Abstract: Introduction to Land Disposal Restrictions under RCRA. This is Chapter 6 of the RCRA Orientation Manual.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/ldr/

Mercury Use: Automotive Sector [PDF]
Abstract: In this chapter taken from the Wisconsin 'Mercury Sourcebook,' you will find: information on mercury-containing products unique to the automotive sector, case studies, action ideas for pollution prevention, a sample proclamation describing possible mercury minimization options, and current projects already underway within the automotive sector.
Source: Wisconsin Mecury Sourcebook
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/04/03851/auto.pdf

Reducing Mercury Releases from Maine Motor Vehicles: Master List of Automobiles with Mercury-Added Component Parts [PDF]
Abstract: Presents ME DEP's master list of all automobiles that contain mercury-added component parts. The list is divided into vehicle make, model, what vehicle component mercury is used in, years that that component was in the vehicle, and a year for a phase-out, where applicable.
Source: Maine Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/104/hg_releases_fr
om_me_vehicles.pdf


- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

EPA's Comprehensive Review of the Treatment Standards for Mercury-Bearing Hazardous Waste [PDF]
Abstract: This describes the review process that EPA will undertake to review treatment standards for mercury waste through EPA's draft Action Plan for Mercury.
Source: US Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/ldr/mercury/fs_merc.pdf

Guidelines for the Safe Clean-up of Mercury Spilled in the Home [PDF]
Abstract: Contains spill clean up instructions and list of contractors in the NJ area.
Source: New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services
URL: http://accessdmv.net/health/surv/documents/merchome.pdf

Material Safety Data Sheet
Abstract: Vendor MSDS for elemental mercury.
Source: Mallinckrodt Baker Inc.
URL: http://www.jtbaker.com/msds/englishhtml/M1599.htm

Mercury - Emergency Spill & Release Facts
Abstract: Includes basic definitions, health concerns, routes of exposure, and procedures EPA uses in responding to mercury spills and releases. Discusses ways communities can avoid exposure to mercury.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/cgi-bin/claritgw?op-Display&document=clse
rv:OSWER:1455;&rank=4&template=epa

Mercury Spills
Abstract: This website discusses health effects, common usages for mercury, spill kits, how to handle spill situations, and alternatives.
Source: University of Washington
URL: http://www.epa.gov/hg/spills/

Mercury Switch Removal Poster
Abstract: Identifies car makes and models that contain mercury switches in ABS G Force Sensors and Convenience Lighting.
Source: Iowa Waste Reduction Center
URL: http://iwrc.org/services/past-services/environmental-service
s/small-business-pollution-prevention-center-sbppc/mercu
ry-switch-removal/mercury-switch-removal-poster/

MI Department of Environmental Quality: Cleaning Up Small Mercury Spills Fact Sheet [PDF]
Abstract: Provides advice and procedures for cleaning up small mercury spills (less than 2 tablespoons). Includes how to assemble your own mercury spill kit.
Source: Michigan DEQ
URL: http://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdch/WhenMercurySpills_214
576_7.pdf

NH Department of Environmental Services: Cleaning Up Household Spills of Elemental Mercury
Abstract: What to do in case of a mercury spill in the household.
Source: New hamshire Department of Environmental Services
URL: http://des.nh.gov/organization/commissioner/p2au/pps/ms/mrpp
tp/spill.htm

Partnership for Mercury Free Vehicles
Abstract: List of Frequently Asked Questions and Answers about the Partnership, including "why is mercury harmful?," "how is it used in automobiles?."
Source: Clean Car Campaign
URL: http://www.cleancarcampaign.org/partnership/

Removal and Replacement of Mercury Switch in 1970-1998 GM Hood Lighting Assembly [PDF]
Abstract: An instructional sheet that details the process of removing a mercury switch from the hood lights of 1970-1988 GM cars.
Source: Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable
URL: http://www.glrppr.org/topichubs/pdfs/automerc/GMprocedure.pd
f

What to Do if a Mercury Spill Occurs
Abstract: Kansas Department of Health and Environment information on cleaning up small spills.
Source: Kansas Department of Health and Environment
URL: http://www.kdheks.gov/mercury/what_to_do.html


- List -    Top of Page

Breakdown of Study Vehicles that Contain Mercury Switches [PDF]
Abstract: From the appendix of the MN PCA 'Automobile Shredder Residue Report,' this list breaks down cars by make, year, and model, detailing which contain mercury switches.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/12/11218.pdf

List of Recycling Service Providers for Fluorescent Lamps and Other Mercury-Containing Items
Abstract: List of mercury recyclers' locations in the midwest and east coast of the US.
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management
URL: http://www.in.gov/idem/recycle/2348.htm

Mercury and Bulb Recyclers
Abstract: A list of vendors that accept Mercury and Bulbs for recycling.
Source: South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources
URL: http://denr.sd.gov/des/wm/recycle/recyclebulbs.aspx

Mercury Recyclers - EHSO
Abstract: Maintained by "Environmental Health and Safety Online," contains names and addresses of mercury recyclers located mostly in the midwest and east coast of the US.
Source: Environmental Health and Safety Online
URL: http://www.ehso.com/mercury.php

Mercury Recyclers - Ohio EPA
Abstract: List of mecury recyclers mainly in the midwest and east coast of the US.
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://epawebapps.epa.state.oh.us/Recyclers/jsp/results.jsp?
category=13


- Other resources -    Top of Page

Land Disposal Restrictions: Summary of Requirements [PDF]
Abstract: Summary of the requirements of the Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) program.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/ldr/snapshot.pdf

Maine Mercury-Added Products: Motor Vehicle Components Law
Abstract: Law enacted by the Maine legislature to address mercury in motor vehicles.
Source: Maine Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/38/title38sec
1665-a.html

SAE Standard: Mercury Switch Removal Process
Abstract: SAE Standard for purchase, $60. Mercury capsules have been used in the automotive industry in various switching applications. The basic design and performance characteristics of mercury switches (or capsules) make these components particularly suited to underhood light and trunk light applications. The processes described in this SAE standard deal with the location, removal, storage, and recycling of mercury switches and capsules associated with these underhood and trunk light applications.
Source: Society of Automotive Engineers
URL: http://standards.sae.org/j2456_199805/

The 48 Second Solution
Abstract: This video shows how to remove mercury switches from vehicles in an average of 48 seconds. It also explains that mercury is unsafe when it reaches lakes, streams, and ultimately humans. The video suggests removing all mercury pellets from recycled cars to prevent mercury from entering the waterways.
Source: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
URL: http://www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-ess-p2-mercury-48-s
econd-solution.mpeg


- Web site -    Top of Page

Clean Car Campaign
Abstract: Website documenting work of the Clean Car Campaign, whose partners are American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Ecology Center, Environmental Defense, Great Lakes United, Michigan Environmental Council, and the Union of Concerned Scientists.
Source: Clean Car Campaign
URL: http://www.cleancarcampaign.org

Mercury in Vehicles
Abstract: This website provides links to known uses of mercury in vehicles in 2000-2001 cars and also in pre-1995 cars. Also included is a list of where mercury may be found in automobiles and possible alternatives.
Source: Clean Air Foundation
URL: http://www.switchout.ca/about-the-program/index.aspx

Mercury in Vehicles
Abstract: This website provides links to known uses of mercury in vehicles in 2000-2001 cars and also in pre-1995 cars. Also included is a list of where mercury may be found in automobiles and possible alternatives.
Source: Clean Air Foundation
URL: http://www.switchout.ca/about-the-program/index.aspx

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The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Mercury-Automotive Topic Hub™ was developed by:

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Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
Contact email: abray@newmoa.org

Hub Last Updated: 1/8/2013

 

 

Last Modified 10/04/2011

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