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Mercury-Dental: Complete List of Reference Documents
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Article/report (35) / Chapter (2) / Fact sheet/checklist (12) / Manual/handbook/curriculum (2) / Other resources (1) / Web site (8)

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- Article/report -    Top of Page

A Scientific Response to the American Dental Association's Special Report and Statement of Confidence in Dental Amalgam
Abstract: IAOMT's scientific and critical response to the ADA's special report "When your patients ask about mercury in amalgam."
Source: International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology
URL: http://curezone.org/dental/dental_claims.asp

Amalgam Waste and List of Recycling Vendors
Abstract: This report discusses regulations affecting dental amalgam waste and lists amalgam recyclers and vendors of amalgam wastewater separation technology.
Source: NC Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/text/00020b.htm

Amalgam Waste Management - Issues and Answers [PDF]
Abstract: Written by dentists who participated in a voluntary effort by the Duluth, MN POTW to reduce mercury in wastewater.
Source: James F. Westman, DDS and Timothy Tuominen
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/04/03853.pdf

AMSA Review of American Dental Associatioin (ADA) Scientific Assessment
Abstract: AMSA review and comments on ADA Scientific Assessment.
Source: AMSA
URL: http://mercurypolicy.org/new/documents/AMSACommentsonADAAsse
ssmentAcceptedComments.pdf/

Canada-Wide Standards: A Pollution Prevention Program for Dental Amalgam Waste [PDF]
Abstract: Explains relationship between dental amalgam waste and the environment. Also describes new pollution prevention initiative intended to ensure that the dental community becomes a part of the solution.
Source: National Office of Pollution Prevention, Environment Canada
URL: http://www.cda-adc.ca/jcda/vol-67/issue-5/270.pdf

Characteristics and Treatment of the Dental Waste Water Stream [PDF]
Abstract: The main objective of this project was to characterize the properties of the dental waste stream. This was accomplished by collecting more than 90 dental waste stream samples from various clinics and quantifying the mercury and silver content of their two major waste components: a) the solid waste retained on the in- line vacuum trap (also known as a chair-side trap), and b) the dental waste water which has the potential to be discharged into the sewer system.
Source: Illinois Waste Management and Research Center
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/main_sections/info_services/library
_docs/rr/RR-97.pdf

Dental Amalgam Use
Abstract: Estimates the amount of amalgam that the typical general dentist will handle per procedure and characterizes the resulting waste streams.
Source: Western Sustainability and Pollution Prevention Network
URL: http://wsppn.org/studies/dental-chemical-use/

Dental Office Waste Stream Characterization Study for Metro Seattle [PDF]
Abstract: Metro Seattle has characterized the wastewater from dental offices and suggested plans for minimizing mercury.
Source: Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02193.pdf

Dental Recycling Manual: A Guide for Dental Practitioners Drilling for a Greener Practice [PDF]
Abstract: This booklet provides disposal options for dentists within eastern Washington, for the following wastes: amalgam, lead foil packets, x-ray fixer and developer x-ray film, and elemental mercury.
Source: Hazardous Waste and Toxics Reduction Program
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/14/13179.pdf

Development, Evaluation and Implementation of a Testing Protocol for Evaluation of Technologies for Removal of Mercury from Dental Facilities: Part I -- Field Studies and Protocol Evaluation [PDF]
Abstract: This study evaluates the use of amalgam separators in dental facility's waste disposal system and best management practices (BMPs) to reduce the release of mercury in the effluent from such facilities.
Source: Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy & Environmental Affairs
URL: http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/eea/step/mercury-remove-dental-
part1.pdf

Environmental Regulations & Best Management Practices: Dental Operations [PDF]
Abstract: Provides a guide to environmental regulations that apply to dental operations within the Regional District and information on best management practices and services that will assist operations in meeting or exceeding these regulations.
Source: Capital Regional District
URL: http://www.crd.bc.ca/wastewater/sourcecontrol/documents/best
practices_dental.pdf

ETV Report - Removal of Mercury from Dental Office Wastewater [PDF]
Abstract: Analysis of technologies for the sedimentation and adsorption of mercury amalgam and mercury compounds from the wastewater stream.
Source: EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/etv/pubs/09_vr_drna.pdf

Evaluation of Domestic Sources of Mercury
Abstract: A report by the Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies. Appendix contains information on mercury released from dental amalgam fillings.
Source: Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies
URL: http://www.nacwa.org/images/stories/public/mercury.pdf?phpMy
Admin=PM8UfvMmlxx8xqqtLrO9xEOmDg0

Evaluation of Mercury in Dental Facility Wastewater Version 3
Abstract: This evaluation quantifies the relative contribution of: (1) mercury from dental facilities that enters surface water as compared to the total amount of mercury entering surface water from other sources; (2) the amount of mercury in municipal sludge attributable to wastewater discharged from dental facilities; and (3) the contribution of mercury from dental facilities to the levels of methylmercury in the environment. This paper also evaluates the cost versus the benefits of further reductions in dental amalgam discharges.
Source: American Dental Association
URL: http://mercurypolicy.org/new/documents/ADAScientificAssessme
ntVersion3.pdf/

Future Use of Materials for Dental Restoration [PDF]
Abstract: The WHO Global Oral Health Programme - in cooperation with UNEP Chemicals - organized a two-day meeting to discuss the implications and the way forward. The aim of the meeting was to assess the scientific evidence available on dental restorative materials and the implications to countries of using alternatives to amalgam for dental restorative care.
Source: World Health Organization
URL: http://www.who.int/oral_health/publications/dental_material_
2011.pdf

How Mercury from Dental Amalgam can get into the Environment
Abstract: This article describes the many ways that mercury from dental amalgams can get into the environment.
Source: Sustainable Hospitals
URL: http://www.sustainablehospitals.org/HTMLSrc/IP_Merc_BMP_Dent
alAmalgam.html

How to Prevent Pollution From Your Dental Practice: A Guide for Dentists - IDEM [PDF]
Abstract: Contains a comparison of restorative material alternatives and a dental waste disposal checklist.
Source: Indiana Department of Environmental Management
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02140.pdf

Laboratory Evaluation of Amalgam Separators
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the amalgam removal efficiency of commercially available amalgam separators and the total mercury concentration in the effluent from laboratory testing. The authors evaluated the amalgam removal efficiency of 12 amalgam separators according to International Organization for Standardization, or ISO, Standard 11143 for Amalgam Separators.
Source: Naval Institute For Dental and Biomedical Research
URL: http://www.dentalmercury.com/Publications/publications_16.ht
ml

Lowell Center for Sustainable Hospitals - Best Management Practices for Dental Amalgam and Mercury
Abstract: Describes how mercury from amalgams may enter the environment and discusses storage, trap and filter handling, plumbing repairs, and recycling options.
Source: Sustainable Hospitals/Lowell Centre for Sustainable Production
URL: http://www.sustainablehospitals.org/HTMLSrc/IP_Merc_BMP_Dent
alAmalgam.html

Management of Hazardous Dental Wastes in King County, 1991-2000
Abstract: Summarizes King County project that encouraged dentists to install amalgam separation units and otherwise collect and manage amalgam-bearing waste. Looks at data collected during visits to 221 King County dentists during 1999 and 2000. Briefly, the data show that only 25 dental offices installed separators and less than half the offices followed best management practices for amalgam waste.
Source: King County Water and Land Resources Division
URL: http://www.lhwmp.org/home/publications/publications_detail.a
spx?DocID=7REb564eXkk%3d

Mercury Emissions Generated in Dental Establishments [PDF]
Abstract: Federal Ministry of the Environment, Germany developed this report for establishing the amount of mercury in wastewater and also a comprehensive waste management plan.
Source: Federal Ministry of the Environment, Germany
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/02/01740.pdf

Mercury Generation Potential from Dental Waste Amalgam
Abstract: This study attempts to quantify the amount of amalgam waste generated at dental offices in Illinois.
Source: Journal of Dentistry
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=
Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=12927461&query_hl=4
&itool=pubmed_DocSum

Mercury in Dental Facilities - Executive Summary
Abstract: Massachusetts MWRA presents results of work to characterize mercury content in effluent from dental facilities and determine the contribution to the total mercury load.
Source: Massachusetts Water Resources Authority
URL: http://www.mwra.state.ma.us/03sewer/html/dentsum.htm

Mercury in the Environment: Coming From Your Business [PDF]
Abstract: Pollution prevention for dental waste by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment.
Source: Kansas Department of Health and Environment
URL: http://www.sbeap.org/publications/dental_mercury.pdf

Mercury in Waste Dental Amalgam: Why is it Still a Problem?
Abstract: Examines King County's decade-long attempt to remove mercury-containing amalgam from dental wastewater through voluntary and mandatory approaches.
Source: King County Local Hazardous Waste Management Program
URL: http://www.lhwmp.org/home/publications/publications_detail.a
spx?DocID=5Dgz5unPxc0%3d

Mercury Reduction in Florida's Medical Facilities: Improving the Management of Mercury-Bearing Medical Wastes
Abstract: Chapter 6 deals with management of mercury in dental practices.
Source: Florida Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.hinkleycenter.org/special-wastes/417-mercury-redu
ction-in-floridas-medical-facilities-improving-the-mange
ment-of-mercury-bearing-medical-wastes.html

Mercury Source Identification Update: Dental Offices and Human Waste [PDF]
Abstract: This technical memorandum updates the Mercury Source Identification prepared for the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant (RWQCP) in August 1997 to better estimate the load attributable to mercury discharges from dental offices. It also revises the methodology for considering human waste from service area employees and residents, and estimates the portion of the mercury in human waste attributable to mercury amalgam fillings. Then it briefly reviews recent studies of dental discharges published by other organizations.
Source: Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/02/01611.pdf

Physico-chemical Properties of Dental Wastewater
Abstract: This paper presents the findins of an on-going study which aims at characterizing the properties of the waste water from dental offices.
Source: Water Environment Federation WEFTEC'94 Conference Proceedings
URL:

Recycling Amalgam Waste and Other Best Management Practices for Your Dental Office [PDF]
Abstract: Describes types of amalgam waste, recycling options, and best management practices.
Source: Western Lake Superior Sanitary District
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/103/Chicago_Dental
_Society.pdf

Royal Dental College of Denmark: Dental Amalgam- Environmental Aspects [PDF]
Abstract: Denmark study discussing different aspects of environmental contamination from dental amalgam.
Source: Advances in Dental Research
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/04/03295.pdf

The Concern Over Mercury and Wastewater
Abstract: Article written by two staff members of the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department describing their Mercury Minimization Program.
Source: Journal of the Michigan Dental Association
URL:

The Environmentally Responsible Dental Office: A Guide to Proper Waste Management in Dental Offices
Abstract: Written for dentists, dental assistants, and office staff. Contains simple ideas for preventing the release of mercury and other potentially harmful contaminants to streams, lakes and rivers.
Source: National Wildlife Federation and The Vermont State Dental Society
URL: http://www.anr.state.vt.us/dec/ead/mercury/dental/

The Environmentally Responsible Dental Office: A Guide to Proper Waste Management in Dental Offices
Abstract: Written for dentists, dental assistants, and office staff. Contains simple ideas for preventing the release of mercury and other potentially harmful contaminants to streams, lakes and rivers.
Source: National Wildlife Federation and The Vermont State Dental Society
URL: http://www.anr.state.vt.us/dec/ead/mercury/dental/

The Environmentally Responsible Dental Office: The Oregon Dentists' Guide to Best Management Practices of Dental Waste [PDF]
Abstract: This guide has been developed to assist dentists in how to best manage their dental waste, includes a list of amalgam recyclers.
Source: Oregon Dental Association
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/04/03294.pdf

The Fate of Mercury in Dental Amalgam
Abstract: Provides results of bench-scale testing to determine whether biological processes typically used in POTWs degrade dental amalgam and release mercury.
Source: Water Environment & Technology
URL:


- Chapter -    Top of Page

Mercury Use: Dentists [PDF]
Abstract: Comprehensive study of the use of mercury in dental offices including amalgam, lamps, switches, etc. Includes information about mercury's human and environmental toxicity.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/04/03851/dentist.pdf

Mercury Use: Dentists [PDF]
Abstract: Comprehensive study of the use of mercury in dental offices including amalgam, lamps, switches, etc. Includes information about mercury's human and environmental toxicity.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/04/03851/dentist.pdf


- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

Best Management Practices for Scrap Dental Amalgam [PDF]
Abstract:
Source: Florida Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.dep.state.fl.us/waste/quick_topics/publications/s
hw/mercury/AmalgamBMPsBrochure.pdf

Dental Amalgam Mercury Recycling: Proper Management of Dental Mercury
Abstract: This fact sheet describes what steps dentists can take in order to properly manage dental mercury, both as a substance within the office and as waste.
Source: Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
URL: http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/toxics/programs/den
tal-amalgam-mercury-recycling-program.html

Dental Mercury and the Environment - A Fact Sheet for Pueblo Dentists [PDF]
Abstract: This fact sheet presents information related to dental mercury and the environment. It describes the regulatory outlook for Colorado dentists with respect to waste mercury amalgam and provides Colorado-specific information and resources regarding mercury amalgam separators and waste amalgam recycling.
Source: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/103/dental_mercury
_and_enviro_factsheet.pdf

Dental Mercury Pollution Prevention Checklist [PDF]
Abstract: Use this checklist to identify areas of accomplishment and areas needing improvement in your dental office.
Source:
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/103/dental_mercury
_p2_checklist.pdf

Dental Waste Management - NC DEHNR
Abstract: This factsheet presents guidance on the environmental impacts, waste reduction techniques, and regulations for most wastes produced in the practice of dentistry.
Source: North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00020.htm

Dentistry and the Environment [PDF]
Abstract: This brochure is designed to assist dentists in recycling and reducing the wastes disposed of from their offices.
Source: Massachusetts Water Resources Authority
URL: http://www.mwra.state.ma.us/03sewer/html/dental.pdf

Doing Our Part...Dental Amalgam Poster [PDF]
Abstract: This poster identifies best management practices to collect, manage, and recycle dental amalgam in New York according to the state laws.
Source: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYS DEC) and Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association (NEWMOA)
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/mercury/dentalPoster.pdf

Four Steps to Compliance
Abstract: Tips for dental facilities to comply with regulations.
Source: City of Palo Alto
URL: http://www.cityofpaloalto.org/depts/pwd/news/details.asp?New
sID=330&TargetID=150

IMERC Fact Sheet: Mercury Use in Dental Amalgam
Abstract: Summarizes the use of mercury in dental amalgam, using data obtained from the Interstate Mercury Education & Reduction Clearinghouse (IMERC) Mercury-Added Products Database.
Source: Interstate Mercury Education & Reduction Clearinghouse (IMERC)
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/mercury/imerc/FactSheets/de
ntal_amalgam.cfm

MnTAP Fact Sheet: Managing Waste Generated by Dental Clinics
Abstract: This factsheet describes the sources of disposal options for hazardous wastes generated by dental clinics. Also includes a list of amalgam recyclers.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://mntap.umn.edu/HEALTH/81-DentalWaste.htm

Pollution Prevention Guidelines for Dental Offices
Abstract: P2 and best management guidelines for mercury, silver, lead foil, and organic solvents at dental offices.
Source: City of Albuquerque Public Works Department
URL: http://www.cabq.gov/family/income-eligible-services/health-s
ocial-services/dental-care

What is a Composite Resin (White Filling)?
Abstract: Describes this alternative filling method.
Source: Academy of General Dentistry
URL: http://www.agd.org/support/articles/?ArtID=1241


- Manual/handbook/curriculum -    Top of Page

Best Management Practices for Dental Offices in New Hampshire
Abstract: Best Management Practices guide examines hazardous wastes in the dental office, recommended dental office wastes and handling procedures, and other various wastes.
Source: New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services Pollution Prevention Program
URL: http://des.nh.gov/organization/commissioner/p2au/pps/ppdpp/m
ercury_mgmt.htm

City of Boulder Best Management Practices for Dental Waste [PDF]
Abstract: This brochure provides the dental community with guidelines on choosing environmentally friendly products, recycling metal-bearing wastes, and correctly disposing of waste materials.
Source: City of Boulder's Industrial Pretreatment Program
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02192.pdf


- Other resources -    Top of Page

Set a Shining Example: Don't Flush Mercury Down the Drain! [PDF]
Abstract: Poster lists best management practices for dental offices.
Source: Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant
URL: http://ci.santa-rosa.ca.us/doclib/Documents/Dental_Flyer.pdf


- Web site -    Top of Page

Naval Institute for Dental and Biomedical Research: Environmental Dental Mercury Management
Abstract: Provides a resource for the management of mercury in the dental-unit wastewater stream.
Source: Naval Institute for Dental and Biomedical Research
URL: http://www.dentalmercury.com/

Recycling of Elemental Mercury and Dental Amalgam by Dentists
Abstract: This website focuses on the initial law in New York State and new regulations. It also provides Q&A information and describes Best Management Practices.
Source: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
URL: http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/8845.html

Recycling of Elemental Mercury and Dental Amalgam by Dentists
Abstract: This website focuses on the initial law in New York State and new regulations. It also provides Q&A information and describes Best Management Practices.
Source: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
URL: http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/8845.html

RiverSides: Dental Mercury
Abstract: Website contains press releases relating to mercury from dentistry and also features frequently asked questions pertaining to dental mercury.
Source: RiverSides Stewardship Alliance
URL: http://www.riversides.org/index.php?cat=3&page1=9

Vendor Information, AB Dental Trends
Abstract: This site describes and gives purchasing information for AB Dental Trends' amalgam separation systems.
Source: AB Dental Trends
URL: http://www.amalgamseparation.com/

Vendor Information, Bethlehem Recycling Co.
Abstract: Vendor information on amalgam recycling program.
Source: Bethlehem Recycling Company
URL: http://www.bethlehemapparatus.com/dental-amalgam.html

Vendor Information, Maximum Separation Systems
Abstract: The MAXIMUM Separation System is a dental amalgam separator that removes dental amalgam, thus removing mercury from dental wastewater before it is discharged into the public sewer system and the environment. A cost effective way for small and large dental offices and institutions to manage their amalgam waste is pollution reduction at the source with the use of the MAXIMUM Separation System.
Source: Maximum Separation Systems
URL: http://www.solmetex.com/index.html

Vendor Information, SolmeteX
Abstract: Solmetex specializes in mercury amalgam waste separation technologies. This web page provides an overview as to the problem of amalgam waste and describes their own technologies and products.
Source: Solmetex
URL: http://www.solmetex.com/dental.html

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The Mercury-Dental Topic Hub™ was developed by:

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Contact email: abray@newmoa.org

Hub Last Updated: 1/8/2013

 

 

Last Modified 10/04/2011

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