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Biofuels in the Northeast (New York)

Organization(s) New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation
Project Description New York Executive Order 142 was signed November 21, 2005 and directs State Agencies to diversify State Agency and Public Authority Transportation Fuels and to procure increasing percentages of alternative-fueled vehicles, including hybrid-electric vehicles, as part of their annual vehicle acquisition plans. By 2005, at least 50 percent of new light duty vehicles acquired by each agency should be alternative-fuel vehicles, and by 2010 all of the new light-duty vehicles shall be alternative-fuel vehicles, with the exception of specialty, police, or emergency vehicles. State agencies and other affected entities that operate medium and heavy-duty vehicles must implement strategies to reduce petroleum consumption and emissions by using alternative fuels and improving vehicle fleet fuel efficiency.

New York State currently has four E-85 ethanol fueling stations and additional E-85 fueling stations are planned for future installation. Currently, the vast majority of the gasoline-powered vehicles in the New York State fleet do not utilize central fueling stations, but instead rely upon private sector gasoline stations. However, all of the gasoline sold in the New York City metropolitan non-attainment area is already 10 percent ethanol, and a significant component of the State's light-duty fleet is already using blended ethanol as fuel.

The Department of Environmental Conservation has been involved with promoting the use of biofuels for the last few years. In particular, the Agency has been using B-20 biodiesel fuel in some of the Agency’s heavy-duty trucks and purchasing flex fuel (E-85) vehicles. For the last few years, the Department has been dispensing B-20 biodiesel vehicle fuel at three DEC locations for use by the heavy-duty fleet vehicles/equipment in the Syracuse region. These three locations combined use approximately 20,000 gallons of B-20 biodiesel fuel annually. For the most part, the use of this fuel has worked well at these locations. Early on there were a few problems with the fuel jelling in the winter, but this was due mostly to an improper winter blend. Through coordination between site managers and the vendor, these issues were resolved. Because of the overall success with the use of biodiesel vehicle fuel at these locations, use of B-20 bio-diesel at other DEC locations will be implemented in the future.

The Department has focused on purchasing flex fuel E-85 vehicles for the last two years. From fiscal year 2005 to 2007, the Department purchased 89 of these vehicles. This, coupled with previous purchases, brought the total number of flex fuel vehicles in the fleet to 109 with more planned in the future.

The New York State Energy and Research Development Authority (NYSERDA) and the New York City Housing Authority are currently conducting a "Bio-Based Heating Oil Project." Although many transportation applications can use biodiesel at concentrations of up to B-20, the fuel is generally used at B-5 concentrations for heating and burner applications. Preliminary findings from the project have shown that B-5 can be used in processes and space heating equipment and has resulted in more efficient furnace operations and reduced emissions.

NYSERDA has been instructed to develop a plan pursuant to which state agencies and public authorities shall purchase, allocate, distribute, and utilize bio-diesel heating oil for use in state agency and public authority buildings that currently utilize oil. The percentage of diesel shall be a blended equivalent that results in an overall consumption of B-100.

Project Contact
Name Carlos Montes
Phone 518-402-9469
Project Keywords
Activity Keywords Policy/Legislative, Research and development
Newsletter Northeast Assistance & Pollution Prevention News - Vol. 17 No. 2, Fall 2007 [PDF]


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